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Colombia

Description

Overview
Sector Transport
Focus area
(no data)
Type of action Strategy/Policy
Scope Sub-national
Stage Implementation
Submitted to UNFCCC registry No
Start of initiative 2012
Financing and support details
Financing status Seeking financing
Total cost
(no data)
Financing requested 20 mln
Financing received to-date 14.9 mln
Principal source of financing Multilateral
Principal type of financing Grant
Capacity building required Unknown
Technology transfer required Unknown
Additional information
Proponent(s) Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Housing
International funder(s) NAMA Facility
Organization providing technical support Center for Clean Air Policy
Contact
(no data)
Objective:

The Colombian NAMA supports the transformation of urban development in Colombia by demonstrating how transit-oriented urban development can reduce the growth in car traffic by 25–36% and simultaneously improve air quality.

TOD focuses public and private development around transit stations to create neighbourhoods where people can safely walk, live, work, shop and play.

Activities:
TOD will enhance the benefits of national investments in public transit – increasing ridership and financial sustainability – and leverage substantial funding for low-income housing.

The core of the NAMA is an independent Center for the Promotion of Transit-Oriented Development, housed within the Columbian development bank Findeter, which would provide technical and financial assistance on TOD implementation, based on locally-articulated needs.

The transport sector is the fastest-growing sector in terms of greenhouse gas emissions in Colombia. Urban areas suffer from growing traffic congestion, poor air quality and significant road safety concerns.

The Colombian government believes that a more holistic approach to transport planning and deployment is required, with better coordination of land-use and transport systems, and integration with social housing policy. Public and private investments (through Public Private Partnerships) will be channelled into showcase projects across a range of locations and intervention types.

Thus the project will promote better-designed, walkable, transit-oriented neighbourhoods and will contribute to reduced household transport costs, better access to jobs and services and improved social inclusion in the respective area.

Impact and MRV

No Data Available.png
Cumulative GHG reductions: 5.5 MtCO2e
Mitigative capacity:

It is estimated that this project could reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by 3.6 to 5.5 million tons CO2e by 2040.

Co-benefits:

Social: Improved health through reduced air pollution
Economic: Information has not been provided
Environmental: Reduced air pollution

MRV Framework:
No MRV plan has been defined


References

Namespaces
Variants
Views

Difference between revisions of "Transit-oriented development"

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|Country name=Colombia
 
|Country name=Colombia
 
|Type of NAMA=Supported (with unilateral elements)
 
|Type of NAMA=Supported (with unilateral elements)
|Sector name=Transport
+
|Sector name=Buildings, Transport
 
|Stage=Implementation
 
|Stage=Implementation
|UNFCCC registry submission=No
+
|UNFCCC registry submission=Yes
 
|Start of initiative=2012
 
|Start of initiative=2012
 
|Type of action=Strategy/Policy
 
|Type of action=Strategy/Policy
 
|Scope of action=Sub-national
 
|Scope of action=Sub-national
|Proponent=Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Housing
+
|Proponent=FINDETER Financiera del Desarrollo, CIUDAT
 
|International funder=NAMA Facility
 
|International funder=NAMA Facility
 
|Organizations providing technical support=Center for Clean Air Policy
 
|Organizations providing technical support=Center for Clean Air Policy
|Financial support=Unknown
+
|Financial support=Yes
|Technology transfer support=Unknown
+
|Technology transfer support=Yes
|Capacity building support=Unknown
+
|Capacity building support=Yes
 
|Title=Transit-oriented development
 
|Title=Transit-oriented development
|Objective=The Colombian NAMA supports the transformation of urban development in Colombia by demonstrating how transit-oriented urban development can reduce the growth in car traffic by 25–36% and simultaneously improve air quality.
+
|Objective=The Colombian NAMA aims to construct lasting infrastructure and buildings that will lock in efficient land use and travel patterns.
 +
|Start of implementation=2015
 +
|End of implementation=2019
 +
|Description of activities=The goal of this NAMA is to trigger transformational change of the urban template of Colombian cities and continue providing long-term, low-carbon results for years to come by constructing long lasting infrastructure and buildings that will lock in efficient land use and travel patterns. These new patterns will require less transport energy for households and businesses to achieve their daily tasks, because destinations and origins are brought closer together and non-motorized and transit modes are easier to use.  
  
TOD focuses public and private development around transit stations to create neighbourhoods where people can safely walk, live, work, shop and play.
+
The NAMA will also generate co-benefits in the areas of quality-of-life, economic development, social equity, preservation of natural habitat, reduced risk, and energy independence. Individuals will enjoy better neighborhoods, lower costs of transportation and less pollution. Businesses will see new markets and employees within easy access. Governments will see economic benefits from reduced infrastructure costs per capita and increased revenues per unit area.
|Description of activities=TOD will enhance the benefits of national investments in public transit – increasing ridership and financial sustainability – and leverage substantial funding for low-income housing.  
+
  
The core of the NAMA is an independent Center for the Promotion of Transit-Oriented Development, housed within the Columbian development bank Findeter, which would provide technical and financial assistance on TOD implementation, based on locally-articulated needs.
+
This NAMA takes a structured approach by addressing each level of the process. It starts with a national policy integration aspect, moves on to locally identified technical assistance in planning, market research, architectural design and PPP development, and then offers financial mechanisms for public and private funding of TOD related construction. All the assistance is coordinated through the CIUDAT staff, who also provide a liaison for integrating across sectors and between governmental levels.
  
The transport sector is the fastest-growing sector in terms of greenhouse gas emissions in Colombia. Urban areas suffer from growing traffic congestion, poor air quality and significant road safety concerns. 
+
The TOD NAMA will target investments to a minimum of three pilot projects in cities (which are Cali, Medellín and Manizales) to catalyze and inform replication of the TOD model across the country. Work is already under way:
 +
◾Cali is transforming an old rail corridor, which currently divides the city, into a vibrant, pedestrian-friendly zone connecting housing, public space and commerce
 +
◾Medellín is undertaking a public-private partnership for TOD around a new metro station in a former industrial area to respond to growing market demand for development in an under-utilized area of the central river valley
 +
◾Manizales is focusing on a pedestrian-oriented redevelopment of its historical town center to promote accessibility and social inclusion around a recently inaugurated station of the public cable transportation system
  
The Colombian government believes that a more holistic approach to transport planning and deployment is required, with better coordination of land-use and transport systems, and integration with social housing policy. Public and private investments (through Public Private Partnerships) will be channelled into showcase projects across a range of locations and intervention types. 
+
Findeter is also prviding technical assistance on TOD planning to three other cities – Montería, Bucaramanga and Pasto.
 
+
Thus the project will promote better-designed, walkable, transit-oriented neighbourhoods and will contribute to reduced household transport costs, better access to jobs and services and improved social inclusion in the respective area.
+
 
|Financing status=Seeking financing
 
|Financing status=Seeking financing
|Financing requested=20
+
|Currency=US$
 +
|Total cost=19
 +
|Financing requested=19
 +
|Comments on financing=€354,000 ($USD 449,580) (National Planning Department(DNP)  Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS)  The Ministry of Transport (MoT) , The Housing Ministry (MoV) ) match
 
|Source of financing=Multilateral
 
|Source of financing=Multilateral
 
|Type of financing=Grant
 
|Type of financing=Grant
|Financing received to-date=14.9
+
|Financing received to-date=18.5
|Total emission reductions=5.5
+
|Total emission reductions=3.6
|Mitigative capacity value=It is estimated that this project could reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by 3.6 to 5.5 million tons CO2e by 2040.
+
|Comments on emission reductions=It is estimated that this project could reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions by 3.6 to 5.5 million tons CO2e by 2040.
|Social benefits=Improved health through reduced air pollution
+
|Social benefits=* Improved health through reduced air pollution
|Environmental benefits=Reduced air pollution
+
* Social equity
 +
* Lower costs of transportation
 +
|Economic benefits=* Energy independence
 +
* New markets and employees within easy access.
 +
* Reduced infrastructure costs per capita and increased revenues per unit area.
 +
|Environmental benefits=* Reduced air pollution
 +
* Preservation of natural habitat
 +
|MRV approach=The goal indicators are:
 +
#1. Number of TOD neighborhoods initiated in Colombia both inside and outside pilot cities
 +
#2. Difference between TOD neighborhoods and control neighborhoods in the trend of Annual GHG transport-related emissions per person
 +
#3. Difference between TOD neighborhoods and control neighborhoods in the trend of transport costs per person (e.g., as % of household budget)
 +
 
 +
The long term goal indicators are further complemented by the mid-term progress indicators created for measuring project outcomes.
 +
 
 +
The outcome indicators are:
 +
• Pilot City Level (TOD vs control sites)
 +
• Level  of investment in TOD areas vis-à-vis traditional BRT station areas (buildings, infrastructure, public space)
 +
Travel data trends in:
 +
• Vehicle ownership /capita
 +
• VKT / capita
 +
• Average trip length
 +
• Transit and NMT mode share
 +
The mandatory indicators for both “public finance mobilized” and “private finance mobilized” in TOD areas versus other BRT station areas are here measured and compared directly.
 +
.
 
|NAMA Image=Colombia-transit.jpg
 
|NAMA Image=Colombia-transit.jpg
 
|NAMA short description=Transit-oriented urban development in Colombia can reduce the growth in car traffic by 25–36% and simultaneously improve air quality.
 
|NAMA short description=Transit-oriented urban development in Colombia can reduce the growth in car traffic by 25–36% and simultaneously improve air quality.
Line 53: Line 82:
 
|Reference=http://ccap.org/resource/colombia-transit-oriented-development-tod-nama/
 
|Reference=http://ccap.org/resource/colombia-transit-oriented-development-tod-nama/
 
}}
 
}}
 +
{{References and their notes
 +
|Reference=http://www4.unfccc.int/sites/nama
 +
}}
 +
{{References and their notes
 +
|Reference=http://namanews.org/news/2016/09/08/funding-secured-for-transit-oriented-development-in-colombia/
 +
}}
 +
€354,000 ($USD 449,580) (National Planning Department(DNP)  Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS)  The Ministry of Transport (MoT) , The Housing Ministry (MoV)
 +
€27,000 ($USD 34,290) Findeter
 +
€ 1,500,000 ($USD 1,905,000) tentative from FFEM, Fonds Français pour l'Environnement Mondial for TOD planning in Cali, analyses for national replication policies, development and launch of M&E efforts.
 +
Funding for the project as a whole began in August 2016.

Latest revision as of 14:32, 4 October 2016



Colombia.png
To edit this page, log in and click on "edit with form" above
Colombia

Description

Overview
Sector Buildings, Transport
Focus area
(no data)
Type of action Strategy/Policy
Scope Sub-national
Stage Implementation
Submitted to UNFCCC registry Yes
Start of initiative 2012
Financing and support details
Financing status Seeking financing
Total cost US$ 19 mln
Financing requested US$ 19 mln
Financing received to-date US$ 18.5 mln
Principal source of financing Multilateral
Principal type of financing Grant
Capacity building required Yes
Technology transfer required Yes
Additional information
Proponent(s) FINDETER Financiera del Desarrollo, CIUDAT
International funder(s) NAMA Facility
Organization providing technical support Center for Clean Air Policy
Contact
(no data)
Objective:

The Colombian NAMA aims to construct lasting infrastructure and buildings that will lock in efficient land use and travel patterns.

Activities: (2015 - 2019)
The goal of this NAMA is to trigger transformational change of the urban template of Colombian cities and continue providing long-term, low-carbon results for years to come by constructing long lasting infrastructure and buildings that will lock in efficient land use and travel patterns. These new patterns will require less transport energy for households and businesses to achieve their daily tasks, because destinations and origins are brought closer together and non-motorized and transit modes are easier to use.

The NAMA will also generate co-benefits in the areas of quality-of-life, economic development, social equity, preservation of natural habitat, reduced risk, and energy independence. Individuals will enjoy better neighborhoods, lower costs of transportation and less pollution. Businesses will see new markets and employees within easy access. Governments will see economic benefits from reduced infrastructure costs per capita and increased revenues per unit area.

This NAMA takes a structured approach by addressing each level of the process. It starts with a national policy integration aspect, moves on to locally identified technical assistance in planning, market research, architectural design and PPP development, and then offers financial mechanisms for public and private funding of TOD related construction. All the assistance is coordinated through the CIUDAT staff, who also provide a liaison for integrating across sectors and between governmental levels.

The TOD NAMA will target investments to a minimum of three pilot projects in cities (which are Cali, Medellín and Manizales) to catalyze and inform replication of the TOD model across the country. Work is already under way: ◾Cali is transforming an old rail corridor, which currently divides the city, into a vibrant, pedestrian-friendly zone connecting housing, public space and commerce ◾Medellín is undertaking a public-private partnership for TOD around a new metro station in a former industrial area to respond to growing market demand for development in an under-utilized area of the central river valley ◾Manizales is focusing on a pedestrian-oriented redevelopment of its historical town center to promote accessibility and social inclusion around a recently inaugurated station of the public cable transportation system

Findeter is also prviding technical assistance on TOD planning to three other cities – Montería, Bucaramanga and Pasto.

Impact and MRV

No Data Available.png
Cumulative GHG reductions: 3.6 MtCO2e
Mitigative capacity:

No information has been provided on mitigative capacity

Co-benefits:

Social: * Improved health through reduced air pollution
  • Social equity
  • Lower costs of transportation
Economic: * Energy independence
  • New markets and employees within easy access.
  • Reduced infrastructure costs per capita and increased revenues per unit area.
Environmental: * Reduced air pollution
  • Preservation of natural habitat

MRV Framework:

The goal indicators are:

  1. 1. Number of TOD neighborhoods initiated in Colombia both inside and outside pilot cities
  2. 2. Difference between TOD neighborhoods and control neighborhoods in the trend of Annual GHG transport-related emissions per person
  3. 3. Difference between TOD neighborhoods and control neighborhoods in the trend of transport costs per person (e.g., as % of household budget)

The long term goal indicators are further complemented by the mid-term progress indicators created for measuring project outcomes.

The outcome indicators are: • Pilot City Level (TOD vs control sites) • Level of investment in TOD areas vis-à-vis traditional BRT station areas (buildings, infrastructure, public space) Travel data trends in: • Vehicle ownership /capita • VKT / capita • Average trip length • Transit and NMT mode share The mandatory indicators for both “public finance mobilized” and “private finance mobilized” in TOD areas versus other BRT station areas are here measured and compared directly. .


References

€354,000 ($USD 449,580) (National Planning Department(DNP) Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) The Ministry of Transport (MoT) , The Housing Ministry (MoV) €27,000 ($USD 34,290) Findeter € 1,500,000 ($USD 1,905,000) tentative from FFEM, Fonds Français pour l'Environnement Mondial for TOD planning in Cali, analyses for national replication policies, development and launch of M&E efforts. Funding for the project as a whole began in August 2016.