Rural Electrification in Vanuatu
|Focus area||Renewable energy (unspecified)|
|Type of action||Strategy/Policy|
|Submitted to UNFCCC registry||Yes|
|Start of initiative||2015|
|Financing and support details|
|Financing status||Seeking financing|
|Total cost||US$ 5.5 mln|
|Financing requested||US$ 5.5 mln|
|Financing received to-date||US$ 1 mln|
|Principal source of financing||Not known|
|Principal type of financing||Grant|
|Capacity building required||Yes|
|Technology transfer required||Yes|
|Proponent(s)||Ministry of Climate Change and Natural Disasters, Department of Energy|
|International funder(s)||Austrian Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment, UNDP MDG Carbon|
|Organization providing technical support|| |
The objective is to provide energy access to all households in Vanuatu.
Activities: (2016 - 2017)
The overall target of the NAMA is to support Vanuatu in achieving the goal defined in the National Energy Road Map (NERM), namely to provide access to electricity to all households in Vanuatu.
The NAMA covers two interventions.
- Under Intervention 1, micro grids will be established. Rural communities/tourism and agricultural facilities/health centres/schools are the focus of these micro grids due to their demand for electricity for lighting, cooling and appliances. The micro grids will use renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydro) and will provide electricity for lighting, radio and phone charging for households, and for service and production activities in Rural Productivity Zones (RPZs).
- Intervention 2 will support extension of existing electricity grids on different islands. Households, public institutions and tourism/commercial consumers in the proximity of lines will be connected. Electricity will be provided for lighting, audio/TV, mobile phone charging, coastal fishing (refrigeration of the fish catch), tourism facilities (lodges), agricultural facilities (preparing, processing and packaging produces) or the production of handicrafts.
In its first phase, the NAMA aims to establish five micro grids under Intervention 1 and support the extension of five electricity grids in Intervention 2. This will provide electricity to around 1,000 households and around 4,700 people.
- Capacity-building: identifying and supporting the development of income-generating activities in the Rural Productivity Zones (RPZs), as this is the key to positive rural development.
- Technical support during the identification and implementation of the different projects under the two interventions, as the aim is to implement technically sound projects with low operating costs.
At a signing ceremony on the margins of the COP22 in Marrakesh in December 2016, the Austrian Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management and the Ministry of Climate Change of Vanuatu signed a funding agreement amounting to 1M$ to implement this NAMA. First investments will focus on extending access to clean energy through micro-grids and grid extensions in rural areas. The agreement will also fund capacity building for Vanuatu’s institutions to establish an adequate framework for the implementation of the NAMA. The NAMA had previously received preparation support from the Australian-funded UN Development Programme (UNDP) MDG Carbon programme.
In particular, the Austrian-funded project elements will include the following three components:
- Investment into 1-2 grid extensions for two islands
- Investment into 1 micro-grid in one community
- Capacity building to provide the framework for NAMA implementation
Impact and MRV
|Cumulative GHG reductions: 13.5 MtCO2e|
No information has been provided on mitigative capacity
|Social:|| * Reduced local noise and air pollution near existing diesel generation plants
|Economic:|| Information has not been provided
|Environmental:|| * Fewer local oil spills through reduced consumption of petroleum
In the MRV, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change's (UNFCCC) "Small-scale Methodology: AMS-I.L.: Electrification of rural communities using renewable energy, Version 03.0" will be used to monitor GHG emission reductions.